Energy is key factor of our lives, although sometimes we forget it. We need it to achieve some of our primary needs such as preserving and storaging food, heating our houses, moving from one place to other, etc… The way we live cannot be understood without the energy.
While the fossil fuels have been driving force of our development, the electric energy is taking more importance due to its easy way of supplying and due to the great diversity of sources to produce it. One of the advantages is that the main renewables sources (hydro, solar and wind) can be easily converted into electricity without penalizing the environment and reducing the CO2 emissions.
Some of future challenges about energy in the cities are:
To read more:
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– Energy Star, www.energystar.gov
– Red Eléctrica de España, www.ree.es
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– E. Waffenschmidt, U. Boeke, “Low Voltage DC grids“, ECPE Workshop March 13th, 2013
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– “How the smart grid enables utilities to integrate electric vehicles” white paper, Silversprings Networks.
– X. Zhou, S. Lukic, S. Bhattachary, A. Huang, “Design and Control of Grid-connected Cpnverter in Bidirectional battery charger for Plug-in Hybrid Eletric Vehicle Application”, IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference VPPC 2009
– D. Dondi, A. Bertacchini, D. Brunelli, L. Larcher, L. Benini, “Modeling and Optimization of a Solar Energy Harvester System for Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Transactions On Industrial Electronics,Vol.55,No.7,July 2008
– Wireless Power Consortium: www.wirelesspowerconsortium.com
– Kurs, André; Karalis, Aristeidis; Moffat, Robert; Joannopoulos, J. D.; Fisher, Peter; Soljačić, Marin (2007). “Wireless power transfer via strongly coupled magnetic resonances“, Science 317 (5834): 83–86.
– T. Paing, J. Morroni, A. Dolgov, J. Shin, J. Brannan, R. Zane, Z. Popovic, “Wirelessly-Powered Wireless Sensor Platform”, Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Wireless Technology
– Sallan, J.; Villa, J.L.; Llombart, A.; Sanz, J.F.; “Optimal Design of ICPT Systems Applied to Electric Vehicle Battery Charge”; Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on; Volume: 56; 2009; Page(s): 2140 – 2149
– Chwei-Sen Wang; Stielau, O.H.; Covic, G.A.; “Design Considerations for a Contactless Electric Vehicle Battery Charger”; Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on; Volume: 52 Issue: 5; 2005, Page(s): 1308 – 1314
– Yasuda, T.; Norigoe, I.; Abe, S.; and Kaneko, Y.; “Contactless Charging System”; Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC), 2011 IEEE 33rd International; 2011, Page(s): 1 – 7