From the point of view of urban mobility, the Cities of the Future, will be facing two main problems; on the one hand, the growth of urban population and on the other hand the already high and growing motorization rates. Urban mobility is vital for the functioning of the cities; however, the mentioned trends cause a number of negative impacts such as congestion, accidents or pollution.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are changing the patterns of production, living and working; and therefore, mobility patterns for passengers and freight are changing accordingly. ICTs will facilitate the creation of a cooperative environment which interconnects infrastructure, vehicles and users transforming physical communities into connected communities. Cities of the Future combine these innovative technological resources with transport management systems to achieve a more efficient and sustainable urban mobility.
Better transport solutions are a key element of a city in order to achieve its environmental, social and economic objectives and to meet the expectations of a changing society. Smart solutions for urban transport are being developed towards:
Besides the development of new mobility solutions, more research should be done in the development of KPI’s to evaluate smart mobility performance and maturity in cities. It is also needed to design policies to maximize synergies across different sectors and institutions, e.g. isolated traffic management measures have little impact but combining some of them with land use strategies we can obtain greater impacts in terms of reducing congestion and its externalities.